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Can Pugs Mate Naturally? Good Tips For A Future Breeder

Whether you want to get a Pug puppy or become a breeder yourself, you need to know everything about this species to make the right decisions, putting the dog’s best interest forward. Pug is a great family pooch, who is very gentle around kids and easily gets along with other mutts in the household. Since it is a toy breed, it will easily fit into any type of home and it doesn’t require a lot of free space.

However, it does have quite a few medical issues any future owner should be aware of before introducing a furry friend into his family circle or breeding it. These issues can actually interfere with the normal Pug mating process. Therefore, it is important to know: “Can Pugs mate naturally?”  

As a potential pet parent and especially as a future breeder, you need to know all the details about Pugs conceiving, their pregnancy cycle, and caring for a litter. After all, even if you are not planning to mate your female Pug, she can get knocked up by accident during her heat cycle.  We are going to discuss it in detail right below. 

Pug Breeding Info: When Are Flat-faced Ready To Have Babies?

pug breeding info

When a Pug dam is in her adolescence stage, it can be a perfect time to try to mate her. Technically, she will still be a baby in your mind. However, in the canine world, it is the right age to start having pups (anywhere from 6 to 9 months).

She is fully developed, reached her maximum height, and is mentally ready to conceive. Yet, it is more important to know when your wrinkle-faced female had her first heat cycle

It is very similar to women in the human world when they get their first period. Some girls will get their “prima” menstrual cycle as early as 12 years of age. While others can get it late, at 17-18 years. It all depends on factors like hereditary peculiarities, body structure, weight, and development speed.

Though, even if a two-legged female has already gotten her period, it doesn’t mean that she’s ready to get pregnant mentally. She is still too young to conceive. The same holds true about Pugs. 

A lot of respectable vets are unanimous: it is best to wait until your Pug femme is at least 10 months of age before you start the conceiving process. Or even older, up to 1.5 years on some occasions. Depending on when a girl Pug’s first heat cycle started.

If she hasn’t entered into her cycle after 15 months, a responsible owner should bring her in for a check-up to see if everything is normal. A vet will perform all the necessary tests and ultrasounds to see if her reproductive organs are developing the right way.

Compared to the two-legged femmes, Pug’s cycle is a lot longer, lasting anywhere from 2 to 3 weeks! However, they only have it twice a year, therefore some women may be jealous of how easy their four-legged counterparts have it. Consequently, since Pugs have limited time to conceive, it is imperative for any prospective breeder to spot that right moment.

Or, on the contrary, for a Pug owner to know when to watch out for any straying unneutered males to prevent less-than-desirable mating. 

How Do I Know If My Pug Has Entered Her Heat Cycle?

There’s a way for any pet parent to tell when their girl pup is ready to become a mom. Some “canine menstruation” signs can include:

  • Enlarged vulva

if you examine your girl’s genital area during her heat period, you will notice a very distinctive vulva enlargement. Almost like a bee stung it, and it swell up. 

  • Bloody discharge

Pretty interesting how it is similar to a female cycle! The amount will not be significant at all, just a few drops of light to dark pinkish color. Therefore, you should not worry about your princess staining the couch or the rug. It will clean itself up long before her fluids end up anywhere in the house. 

  • A change in behavior

Some female Pugs may become very irritable, restless, and would want to be in isolation. It could easily snap if it’s being touched in the wrong way (as it regards). Or, on the contrary, it may become extra “huggy,” and would want to cuddle up to her owner more, looking for some much-needed TLC. 

  • “Nesting”

Very typical of the femmes in heat. She may take some of the softest toys in her possession, as well as fluff her bed real good. A Pug owner may spot her spending more and more time in her “nest,” resting a lot. It is a Pug’s instinct to regain energy, preparing her for possible litter and all the challenges that motherhood brings. 

So what if you are intentionally planning to become a Pug breeder, and you found two perfect species to procreate, you may be asking yourself questions like: “Can Pugs mate naturally?” or “Can Pugs breed naturally?” Let’s dig into this further.

Can Pugs Mate Naturally?

can pugs breed naturally

It is not a rumor that Pugs have problems conceiving naturally sometimes. This is actually not too far from the truth, since they are known to have various health concerns like obesity, joint, cardiovascular, and breathing problems. Sometimes artificial insemination is necessary to impregnate a femme Pug.

A knowledgeable vet professional can easily assist you in your breeding endeavor if you bring your girl Pug over. He/she will do the necessary tests like bloodwork, X-rays, ultrasounds as well as perform the insemination procedure itself that has taken the results to come back normal.


In this article, we tried to answer questions like “When is my Pug girl ready to become a mom?” and “Can Pugs mate naturally?” to better understand how to implement correct breeding practices. Always take into account your female Pug’s heat cycle if you want to be on top of the right mating process. Also, bring her to the vet without delay if you observe that something is wrong with her reproductive system.

In case you are not planning to breed her, make sure to keep her away from un-neutered Pug males and avoid going to dog parks when your dame is at the height of her heat. Better be safe than sorry!

stuart and his dog

Family Dog Expert Author

Hi there! I’m Stuart, a devoted dog lover and family dog expert with over a decade of experience working with our furry companions. My passion for dogs drives me to share my knowledge and expertise, helping families build strong, loving bonds with their four-legged friends. When I’m not writing for SirDoggie, you’ll find me hiking, playing with my beautiful dog, or studying music.